Green architecture


A green building, more precisely – a sustainable building, is an energy-efficient, comfortable structure created with respect for the natural environment. By designing, constructing, and operating green buildings, we meet our current needs while ensuring that future generations can satisfy their future needs.

  According to the definition borrowed from the Britannica [1], green architecture is a philosophy of architecture advocating for sustainable energy sources, the protection of energy, the reuse and safety of building materials, and the location of the building with consideration for its impact on the environment. Ecological or sustainable construction is a practice that involves creating and applying healthier and more resource-efficient models of construction, renovation, operation, maintenance, and demolition [2].

  Green architecture is designed to minimize the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment by [3]:

  • Improving building health, minimizing potential harm to health.
  • Minimizing pollution to the surroundings, significantly reducing the natural burden caused by buildings and their complexes.
  • Avoiding materials harmful to the natural environment.
  • Efficient use of renewable energy, water, and other resources during the construction and operation of the building.
  • Utilizing natural vegetation as a biological shield for the building.
  • Protecting the health of residents and improving worker productivity.
  • Reducing waste and pollution, protecting against environmental degradation.

Ecological construction is based on choosing healthy materials and energy-efficient construction. It involves the use of clean renewable energy, encompasses the rational operation of buildings, and ensures the durability of materials and structures.