Biodiversity in food systems


Biodiversity is important for food security. This is a term to describe the variety and variability of life on this planet. Biodiversity is a variety of plant and animal species, but also the wealth of multi-species natural systems, i.e. landscapes and ecosystems. Plants convert solar energy, making it available to other life forms. Bacteria and other living organisms break down organic matter into nutrients, providing plants with healthy soil to grow. Pollinators are essential for plant reproduction, ensuring food production. Plants and oceans are important carbon sinks. The water cycle relies heavily on living organisms. Therefore, the loss of biodiversity is the greatest threat to the proper functioning of life on Earth. Preserving biodiversity is crucial for food production. One of its elements is the multitude of insect species, the so-called pollinators that participate in the pollination of crops. It is thanks to the activity of pollinating insects that farmers obtain higher yields of fruit, vegetables, oilseeds and protein plants.